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Fri March 22, 2013
New national monument planned in San Juan Islands
President Barack Obama is designating five new national monuments, using executive authority to protect historic or ecologically significant sites —including one in Washington state.
The San Juan Islands National Monument off Washington's northwest coast includes roughly 1,000 acres of public land already managed by the BLM.
Supporters say the designation will protect important cultural and historical areas and safeguard natural areas used for recreation and other purposes.
The White House says Obama will make the designations Monday.
The remaining four are Río Grande del Norte National Monument in New Mexico; First State National Monument in Delaware; Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument in Maryland; Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument in Ohio.
The Delaware site, commemorating the state's history and preserving about 1,100 acres near Wilmington, is the first step toward creating a national park in Delaware, the only state not included in the national park system. The project is a longtime priority for Biden, a former senator from Delaware.
"This national monument will tell the story of the essential role my state played in the history of the United States. I couldn't be more proud to call Delaware home," Biden said in a statement.
The largest site is Río Grande del Norte in New Mexico, where Obama will designate nearly 240,000 acres for protection. The site includes wildlife habitat valued by hunters and anglers; rafting, camping, and other recreation; and is prized by the region's Hispanic and tribal groups.
Advocates say the new monument in New Mexico, to be run by the U.S Bureau of Land Management, will contribute an estimated $15 million a year in economic benefits to the area.
The Arlington, Va.-based Conservation Fund donated property on Maryland's Eastern Shore to the National Park Service to help tell the story of Tubman and the underground railroad. Tubman escaped slavery at age 27 but returned to Maryland's Dorchester and Caroline counties to help slaves escape to the North.
The Charles Young monument in Xenia, Ohio, recognizes and celebrates Col. Charles Young, a West Point graduate who was the first black national park superintendent. Young was the highest-ranking black officer in the U.S. Army until his death in 1922.